Robert Clive

 

  • First governor of Bengal.
  • Baber of British India
  • Known as Nawab Maker.
  • Introduced Diarchy in Bengal.
  • Founder of British empire in India
  • Commit Suicide 
  • William Pitt called him ‘ Warrior born in Heaven’

 

 

Warren Hastings ( 1772 - 1785)

 

  • First Governor General of Bengal by Regulating act of 1773
  • Cancelled diarchy in Bengal
  • Founded Supreme court in Calcutta
  • First chief Justice of Calcutta supreme court - Elijah Empe
  • Quinquennial land tax introduced
  • Founded Madrasas in Calcutta.
  • Governor General who was impeached by british parliament.
  • Impeachment introduced in the parliament by - Edmund Burke.
  • Preface written to Charles Wilkin's Bhagavad Gita Translation.
  • Pitts India act - 1784.

 

 

Cornwallis ( 1786 - 1793)

 

  • Father of Indian Civil Service.
  • Indian niyamagakle Crodikarichu.
  • Divide Revenue system and Tax system
  • Permanent settlement in Bengal, bihar and Orissa - 1793

 

 

Lord Wellesley ( 1798 - 1805)

 

  • Akbar of British India
  • He described his as ‘Bengal Tiger’
  • Subsidiary alliance  -1798
  • First country signed in Subsidiary alliance - hyderabad
  • Played an important role in the formation of Madras Presidency
  • Abolished child killing - 1802

 

 

George Borlo ( 1805 - 1807)

 

  • Vellore Revolt - 1806
  • First Military Revolt against British  - Vellore Revolt

 

 

Lord Minto ( 1807 - 1813 )

 

  • Amritsar treaty - 1809
  • King of Punjab signed in Amritsar Treaty - Raja Renjith singh
  • Stopped Peshwa position

 

 

Lord Hastings ( 1813 -1823 )

 

  • Captured Nepal ( Kathmandu )
  • Reorganized village community system.
  • Bengal governor general at the time of Ryotwari system.
  • Governor bring Ryotwari system to Madras - Thomas Mandro

 

 

William Bentinck ( 1828 - 1835)

 

  • Charter act 1833
  • By charter act governor general changed to governor general of India
  • First governor general of India - William Bentick
  • He says ‘ Rule India for Indians’
  • Abolished sati - 1829
  • Utaramanaskan aya Governor General
  • Abolish child marriage
  • Abolish girl child killing
  • Started English education in India
  • Replace persian and made english as official language
  • Father of modern English education in India
  • Mechaley Minutes - Lord Macaulay
  • Architect of Indian penal code - Lord Macaulay
  • Depressed Thugs - leader - William Seman ( Indian Phantom )

 

 

Charles Metcalfe ( 1835 - 1836 )

 

  • Known as liberator of press

 

 

Lord Ellenborough ( 1842 - 1844 )

 

  • Annexed  sindh to India.
  • Abolished Slave system - 1843

 

 

Lord Oakland ( 1836 - 1842)

 

  • First Afghan War

 

 

Hardinge I ( 1842 - 1848)

 

  • Supporter of free trade.
  • Government job given only to who got english education

 

 

Dalhousie ( 1848 - 1856 )

 

  • Architect of modern India
  • Started Archaeology survey
  • Dalhousie town - Himachal Pradesh
  • Made Simla as summer capital of India
  • Started Railway in India - 1853 April 16
  • First railway line - Bombay - Thane
  • Modern postal system, Telegraph Started
  • First Telegraph line - Kolkata - Diamond Harbour
  • Woods Despatch - 1854 - magna carta of Indian Education
  • Introduced Doctrine of lapse
  • First place annexed to British India by Doctrine of lapse - Satra
  • Last Place - Oudh
  • Widow remarriage act - 1856
  • Ganga canal opened - 1854