Lord Canning (1856 - 1862)
- The British Governor General during first war of Indian Independence.
- First Viceroy of India.
- The universities of Calcutta, Bombay, Madras were established-1857.
- First University in India - Calcutta University
- Doctrine of lapse was officially withdrawn.
- Introduced Income tax first in India.
- White Mutiny in English East India Company - 1859.
- Passed Indian Penal Code - 1860
- Indigo revolt in Bengal -1860.
- Passed The Indian High Court Act - 1861.
- Passed Indian council Act - 1861.
- Introduced Portfolio system - 1861
- Introduced certain reforms in the army.
Lord Elgin ( 1862 - 1863)
- Served only a short period, died within 18 months of coming to India.
- Amalgamation of Supreme court and Sadr court into High Court.
- High court were established at Calcutta, Bombay and Madras.
- Avoided levying taxes.
- Tried to keep down the military expenditure.
- He successfully suppressed Wahabis.
Sir John Lawrence ( 1864 - 1869)
- He is called ‘the saviour of India and organizer of victory’.
- Scholarship scheme was introduced.
- A large number of canals, railway and public works were established.
- Famine Commission was constituted.
- He aimed to uplift peasantry.
- Telegraph communication was opened with Europe.
- Created Indian Forest department.
Lord Mayo (1869 - 1872)
- Father of financial decentralisation in India.
- He started the process of decentralisation of finance in India.
- Kuka movement was active.
- Organised statistical survey of India.
- A new department of agriculture was started.
- Introduced sales Department in India.
- First census held ( 1871-1872).
- Started railway in public sector.
- Murdered by Sher Ali at Andaman.
- Indian evidence act passed-1872.
- Mayo college situated at Ajmer(Rajasthan).
Lord Northbrook (1872-1876)
- Believer of free Trade.
- Kuka movement of Punjab took rebellion.
- Lowered import duty and established export duty on many countries.
- He submitted resignation against the action of Lord Salisbury In Afghan Problem
Lord Lytton ( 1876 - 1880)
- Appointed famine commission under the leadership of Richard Strachey-1878
- Passed royal Titles Act.
- Abolished custom duties on textiles imported from England.
- Vernacular press act - 1878.
- Arms act -1878.
- He was well known as ‘ Owen Meredith’
- Conducted Delhi Durbar.
- During his reign Victoria queen accepted Kaiser E Hind.
- Introduced separate civil service exams for Indians.
- Indian Civil Service age lower from 21 to 18.
- Anglo Afghan War - 1878.
- Viceroy of reverse Character.
- Aligarh Mohammedan Anglo Oriental College Stated during the time of Lytton
Lord Ripon ( 1880 - 1884)
- First factory act was passed - 1881.
- Introduce regular census in India - 1881
- Local self Government act - 1882.
- Father of local self government in India.
- Withdrawn Vernacular press act.
- Agricultural department reorganised.
- Viceroy at the time of ‘Ilbert bill Controversy’
- Ilbert bill Passed in the year 1883
- Hunder commission ( education ) appointed.
- Known as ‘ Rippon the popular’
Lord Dufferin (1884 - 1888)
- At the time of formation of INC
- Third anglo-burmese war held
- Organised PSC
- States that ‘Congress is a microscopic minority’
Lord Lansdowne ( 1888-1894)
- Passed Indian Council act - 1892
- Cancelled separate ICS exam for Indians
- Divide ICS into three - Imperial, Provisional, Subordinate
- Appointed Durrant Commission for separating India and Afghanistan (Mortimer Durrant)
Lord Curzon (1899 - 1905)
- First viceroy to visit Travancore -1900
- Called Alapuzha as ‘Venice of East’
- Appointed University Education Commission- 1902
- Indian Universities Act - 1904
- Indian Coinage and Paper Currency act
- Famine Commission appointed - Anthony Macdonell( leader)
- Police Commission appointed - Andrew Fraser (leader)
- Ancient Monument Act passed
- Known as ‘Aurangzeb of British India’
- Organised Archeological survey of India - 1904 , Director general - John Marshal
- First director general - Sir John Marshall
- Partition of bengal
- Bengal people celebrated Oct 16 as Day of sorrow.
- Congress started Swadeshi Movement after Bengal Partition
- Bengal Swadeshi stores started by- P C Roy
- Divide and rule policy
- States ‘come here to peaceful death of Congress’
- States ‘his ancestor captured India by Gun and Sword, so he also use that to rule India’
- The book ‘Life of Lord Curzon’ written by Ronald Shea
Lord Minto II ( 1905 - 1910)
- Viceroy at the time of formation of Muslim League -1906
- Indian Council Act 1909 - Minto Morley Reforms
- First reforms setup community reservation in India
- By minto morley reforms appointed an indian in viceroy’s executive council.
Lord Hardinge II ( 1910 - 1916)
- Shifted capital from Calcutta to Delhi -1911
- Partition of bengal cancelled- 1911
- George V visited at this time
- Separated Bihar and Orissa from bengal
- Passed Defence of India Act - 1915
- Rash Bihari Bose tried to kill Hardinge II in Delhi - 1912
Lord Chelmsford ( 1916 - 1921 )
- Govt of India Act 1919 - Montague-Chelmsford Act
- Rowlatt act passed - 1919
- Appointed University Commission - Saddler Commission
- Jallianwala Bagh Massacre.
- Appointed Hunter Commission to investigate Jallianwala incident
- Viceroy at the time of third Afghan War
- Banaras Hindu University -1916 at his time
- Mohammadan Anglo oriental college by Sir Syed Ahmed Khan.
- Mohammadan Anglo oriental college became Aligarh Muslim University at his time- 1920
Lord Reading ( 1921 - 1926 )
- Only Jewish Viceroy
- Abolish Devadasi System
- Separated Railway budget from General Budget -1921
- Appointed Hilton Young commission - RBI
- Rowlatt Act withdrawn.
- King of Wales visited india during his period
Lord Irwin ( 1926 - 1931 )
- Known as Christian Viceroy.
- Viceroy at the time of arrival of Simon commission -1928
- First round table Conference - 1930
- First viceroy live in Rashtrapathi bhavan
- Chittagong Attack - 1930
- Gandhi Irwin Pact - 1931
- Saradha law - 1929 , marriage age boys - 18 , girls -14
- Capital of India changed from Delhi to New Delhi - 1931 feb 10
Lord Willingdon ( 1931 - 1936 )
- Viceroy at the time of 2nd and 3rd Round Table Conference
- Poona pact - 1932 ( Gandhi & Ambedkar )
- British PM proclaimed Communal Award - Ramsay Macdonald.
- Govt of India Act 1935
Lord Linlithgow ( 1936 - 1943 )
- August Offer -1940
- Cripps Mission - 1942
- Quit India Movement - 1942
- Viceroy proclaimed India stay with Britain to fight against Germany.in 2nd Woldwar.
Lord Wavell ( 1944 - 1947 )
- Simla Conference - 1945 leader - Wavell
- Royal Indian Mutiny - 1946
- Cabinet Mission - 1946
- Constituent Assembly - 1946 dec 6
- Viceroy at the time of formation of Interim Government.
- 1946 Aug 16 muslim league celebrated Direct Action Day
Lord Mountbatten ( 1947 March - 1947 August )
- Last Viceroy
- Indian Independence Act prepared under his leadership.
- Partition of India - June 3rd plan - Mountbatten plan - Dickie Bird Plan - Balcon plan
- He murdered at Ireland.