Article 1- Name and territory of the union.


Article 2 – Admission and Establishment of the new state.


Article 3 – Formation of new states and alteration of areas, boundaries, and name of existing states.


Article 2 and 3- Know them because they were in news (Telangana formation).


Article 12- Definition of the state


Article 13- Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the fundamental rights.


Originally, constitution provided for 7 basic fundamental rights, now there is only six rights, one Right to property U/A 31 was deleted from the list of fundamental rights by 44th amendment act 1978. It made a legal right U/A 300-A in Part XII of the constitution.


Some important Fundamental Rights are as:


Right to Equality: Art. 14 to Art. 18


Article 14- Equality before the law.


Article 15- Prohibition of discrimination on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex. Or place of birth.


Article 16- Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment.


Article 17- Abolition of the untouchability.


Article 18- Abolition of titles


Right to Freedom: Art. 19 to art. 22


Art.19 guarantees to all the citizens the six rights


· (a) Right to freedom of speech and expression.


· (b) Right to assemble peacefully and without arms.


· (c) Right to form associations or unions.


· (d) Right to move freely throughout the territory of India.


· (e) Right to reside and settle in any part of the territory of India.


· (f) Right to practice any profession or to carry on any occupation, trade, and business.


Article 20- Protection in respect of conviction for offences.


Article 21-Protection of life and personal liberty.


Article 21A: free and compulsory education to all children (6-14 years)


Article 22- Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases.


Right against Exploitation: Art.23 & art. 24


Article 23- Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour.


Article 24- Prohibition of employment of children in factories and mines. Under age of 14.


Right to Freedom of Religion: Art.25 to art. 28


Article 25- Freedom of conscience and free profession , practice and propagation of religion.


Article 26- Freedom to manage religious affairs.


Article 27- Freedom as to pay taxes for promotion of any particular religion.


Article 28- Freedom from attending religious instruction. 


Cultural and Educational Rights:Art.29 & art. 30


Article 29- Protection of interest of minorities.


Article 30- Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions.


Article 32- Remedies for enforcement of Fundamental Rights.


Part IV Directive Principle of states Policy


Article 36- Definition


Article 39A- Equal justice and free legal aid


Article 40- Organisation of village panchayat


Article 41- Right to work , to education, and to public assistance in certain cases


Article 43- Living Wages, etc. for Workers.


Article 43A- Participation of workers in management of industries.


Article 44- Uniform civil code.( applicable in Goa only)


Article 45 - Provision for free and compulsory education for children below the age of six years


Article 46- Promotion of educational and economic interest of scheduled castes, ST,and OBC.


Article 47-Duty of the state to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living and to improve public health.

the State shall endeavour to bring about prohibition of the consumption except for medicinal purposes of intoxicating drinks and of drugs which are injurious to health.


Article 48-Organisation of agriculture and animal husbandry.


Article 49- Protection of monuments and places and objects of natural importance.


Article 50- Separation of judiciary from executive.


Article 51- Promotion of international peace and security.


Fundamental Duties: Part IV-A- Art 51A


· It contains, originally 10 duties, now it contains 11 duties by 86th amendments act 2002.


Part 5 – Union ( 52-151)


Article 52- The President of India


Article 53- Executive Power of the union.


Article 54- Election of President


Article 61- Procedure for Impeachment of the President.


Article 63- The Vice-president of India.


Article 64- The Vice-President to be ex-officio chairman the council of States.


Article 66-Election of Vice-president.


Article 72-Pardoning powers of President.


Article 123- Powers of the President to promulgate Ordinances during recess of parliament.


Article 129- Supreme court to be court of Record.


Article 130- Seat of the Supreme court.


Article 136- Special leaves for appeal to the Supreme Court.


Article 137- Review of judgement or orders by the Supreme court.


Article 141-Decision of the Supreme Court binding on all the courts.


Article 213- Power of Governor to promulgate ordinances.


Article 215- High Courts to be court of record.


Article 226- Power of High Courts to issue certain writs.


Part 9 – 243-243 O – Panchayats


Article 243A- Gram Sabha


Article 243B- Constitution of Panchayats


Part 9A – 243 P-243 ZG – Municipalities


Article 300-A- Right to property.


Article 352- Proclamation of emergency ( National Emergency).


Article 356- State Emergency (President’s Rule)


Article 360- Financial Emergency


Article 361- Protection of President and Governors


Article 368- Powers of Parliaments to amend the constitution.


Article 370 – Special provision of J&K.